Running Time Music

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The effect of music type on running perseverance and coping with effort sensations.


The aim of this study was to examine: (a) the effect of music type on running time and on sensations and thoughts experienced by the runners under high physical exertion, and (b) the role that music plays in the use of 2 distinct self-regulation techniques during high exertion, namely dissociative and motivational. Three studies were conducted. In Study 1 and Study 2, performed in the laboratory, participants ran at 90% of their maximal oxygen uptake on a motorized treadmill 4 times, once each with rock, dance, and inspirational music, and once without attending to music. Ratings of perceived exertion (RPE) and heart rate (HR) were monitored during the run, and discomfort symptoms and music-specific questions were examined. In Study 3, performed in the field, Ss ran a hilly course 8 times, 4 under a competitive-pair condition, and 4 under a single-mode condition. Running time was the dependent variable. Music failed to influence HR, RPE, and sensations of exertion in the 3 studies. Despite the heavy workload reported by the runners, running with music was perceived as beneficial by many. People engaged in high intensity running may benefit from listening to music, but may not increase their ability to sustain that effort longer than they could without music.
source: psycnet.apa.org / record/2004-13251-001
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